Progression and Regression in Calisthenics – What?!

I promise you progression and regression will have nothing to do with math, statistics or such nerdy things. Instead, you will love the concept and might using progressions if you are into calisthenics for a while.

Ever asked yourself how to train for your first pushup? A front lever? An iron cross? You don’t go out there and nail them that easy.
Quite on the contrary – bench pressing 100kg isn’t that hard an achievement compared to nailing an iron cross.
All of these high level skills, as well as other skills as pullups, need focussed work.

Behind these two terms is a useful concept to break down any skill into tiny and easier achievable mini-steps.  That way you can work on any skill you like focussed.

A great book on this whole topic of progressions is Steven Low’s Overcoming Gravity*, specifically written for the calisthenics athlete.

OK – that said. Let’s get right into the creative world of progressions and regressions.

What do Progression und Regression mean?

Well, that’s quite clear- but what do progression and regression mean in the world of calisthenics?

In the finance and nerdy world of numbers, these two stand for something growing and shrinking. In sports, they do the same.

As mentioned above, you can break down every move there is in its components. Or even in easier moves leading to that main goal.

Progression in Calisthenics is hard work
Progression and nailing a skill is hard work. No one can take you that!

That is why they are so awesome.

Learning a skill is hard work and progressions can give you some levels to orientate at.

Plus, they accustomize to the skill, this is especially true for flips or inversion, which can be on its own be quite scary.
But working at small parts of the movements and putting them together in the end, can ease a lot of that initial fear.

That way everyone can work on his very own level and progress from there on.

Let’s get concrete!

Calisthenic’s main difference from, for example weight lifting, is its measurbility. Measuring your progress is much harder.

5kg deadlifted more with the same form is easy to measure. But how do you measure if your planche leans got better?
Of course, this is doable but a lot trickier…

In our sport it is all about levers:

  • The longer a lever the harder the most exercises. Take a front lever for example.
  • A tuck front lever might be doable for many. But opening the hips a bit more will increase the difficulty significantly.

And likewise in weightlifting always maxing out isn’t wise – always working your maximum doable holds when training for a front lever isn’t wise either.
Light work, conditioning, and technique work is as important as when learning snatches.

Progressions and their Regressions enable you to train on exactly your level. Or even below it, when you desire it.1 I really like the comparison to weightlifting here. Seldom max out and condition yourself by lifting below your maximum. This is the way to success!

How do I find the right progression?

This headline in itself is a paradox:
There is no such thing as the perfect or right progression in calisthenics. Sometimes harder progressions are useful, but most of the time you wanna work in easier progressions.

Likewise my weights analogy above – you don’t make every biceps curl you do a max rep. Most of the time you wanna spend in a more comfortable range:

  • So – let’s stick with the front lever here. And say you can hold a one-legged front lever for 5-10s. This would be your level. While it is quite challenging to hold it you can do so with proper technique.
  • A straddle front lever would be your harder progression. From time to time it makes sense to max out and do some straddle negatives or holds assisted with bands*This way you can feel the challenges of the new progression and learn to cope with it.

  • The easier progression would be a tuck front lever. You should be able to hold this one fairly long with ease – for around 20-30s with.
    Lighter progressions should take up the bulk of your work and make great to perfect the technique as well as condition your body to get stronger.

And this will be your grind – getting stronger and progress from level to level.

This priniple is true for every move – may it be an iron cross, a backflip or the planche.

Let’s round everything up!

While I explained the progression in calisthenics from level to level quite linear, let me tell you – it isn’t.

  • You will plateau and get stuck at certain levels. For example, the jump from tucked exercises to straddled ones is huge!

That’s why you shouldn’t solely train the movement’s progressions. Mix up your training with dynamic exercise variations to build strength in a huge range of motion for example.2

Calisthenics Rings Progression Regression
Nailing skills is fun. Especially after a lot of dedicated work.

To live through each step is a nice experience. You will learn a lot along the way – not just about the skill – but also about how your body functions, about your ability to adapt and solve problems along the way.

I hope this post about progression and calisthenics could give you some useful information!

My pledge at this place would be: If you wish some content to specific skills let me know. Which ones spark your interest?

Leave me some input, maybe you read next month about your favorite skill here! 

Thanks for reading and enjoy your journey,

THis is my Signature.


  1. Yes, you do. You are a wise one!
  2. This could be in our front lever example: Ice Cream Makers, Front Lever Rows, Front Lever to Back Levers, or Muscle-ups to Front lever. And maaaaany more.

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